He has attempted the journey to Europe three times, and refuses to give up
Mamadou Niang has decided he has no choice but to leave his native Senegal. He is the son of a farmer, but salinization has made it impossible to farm his family's land in West Africa.
He has tried to leave his hometown of Gandiol three times for Europe.
The first two times, he was deported. The third time, in 2020, his boat was stopped. The Spanish government caught them hours after they left Dakar.
Previous failed attempts are not stopping his plans.
He tells NPR what he has to gain — and what he could lose — if he attempts the journey again.
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Mallika Seshadri contributed to this report. contributed to this story
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